The two most common types of episiotomy are: Midline – a cut from the vagina directly towards the anus. Mediolateral – a cut from the vagina at an angle off to one side of the anus. Second Degree: This is the most common type of episiotomy. It extends through the vaginal lining as well as the vaginal tissue. However, it doesn't involve the rectal lining or anal sphincter. Third Degree: A third-degree tear involves the vaginal lining, the vaginal tissues, and part of the anal sphincter.
Prevention to include-
1. Perineal massage. Studies show that perineal massage reduces your chance of tearing during birth. ...
3. Warm, wet towels
4. Don't lie down
5. Stay calm and breath .
At Earthbound we believe in providing a safe birthing space for all as well as respecting and educating women by not performing episiotomies unless medically necessary! Not every birth results in a tear, and natural tears typically heal better than episiotomies.
We are a team of doulas working together to serve clients and provide a wide variety of support and education.